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India-Made Loitering Munitions To Swarm Drones, Army Showcases New Hi-Tech Offensive Capability

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India-Made Loitering Munitions To Swarm Drones, Army Showcases New Hi-Tech Offensive Capability


New inductions are part of a series of emergency procurements made by the Army to the tune of Rs 18 crore

New Delhi: From the indigenously man-portable loitering munitions that can hover and hit targets silently, to swarm drones capable of both carrying load and strike capability, and new and swanky armoured personnel carriers, the Indian Army has introduced many new weapons in its arsenal in over a year. It is now showcasing their operational integration with their strike formations, according to information shared in a series of social media posts.

Induction of drones has been an important part of force modernisation for the Indian armed forces, and the validation exercise of the Army Strike Corps in the desert saw the army conducting operational usage of swarm drones.

The validation exercise was reviewed by Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Manoj Pande, and saw the validation of multi-domain operations with deep manoeuvres, integrating modern technology, new-generation equipment and weapon systems, the Army said on the social media platform X (previously Twitter).

The Army started taking delivery of its first heterogeneous swarm unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system for use on the battlefield in February. The drones have been supplied to the Indian Army by a Bengaluru-based start-up, NewSpace Research & Technologies. The swarm of 100 drones can hit targets at least 50 kms away into enemy territory.

A swarming system comprises a group of UAVs which engage with one another using advanced autonomy, computing, communication, and artificial intelligence (AI) protocols to execute various mission objectives with little to no human intervention.

The Army has also armed itself with indigenously-made loitering munitions — aerial weapon systems which stay airborne and loiter around a larger target area and attack only once the actual target is located — as well as new armoured personnel carriers.

The new inductions are part of a series of emergency procurements made by the Army to the tune of Rs 18 crore.

Loitering Munitions And Armed Personnel Carriers

During the 37th Infantry Commanders’ Conference in Madhya Pradesh’s Mhow this month, the Army displayed the indigenously-made Nagastra-1 loitering munitions.

In April this year the Army had signed a contract under emergency procurements to purchase more than 450 completely indigenous Nagastra-1 loitering munitions. A Nagpur-based company, Solar Industries, secured the contract to supply these munitions to the Army.

Nagastra-1 can abort, recover, and reuse capabilities. It is a fully man portable autonomous loitering munition or drone that can hover, locate, acquire, and strike with high precision operator-designated targets with a 1 or 1.5 kg highly lethal warhead installed inside the fuselage.

Its electric propulsion system provides low acoustic signature (low sound emissions) to make it undetectable by the enemy at a height of more than 200 metre.

The Nagastra-I carries a high explosive fragmenting warhead for soft-skin targets or anti-armour top attack warhead for combat vehicles. In Kamikaze mode it allows troops and special forces to undertake covert operations.

Kamikaze drones are also known as ‘suicide drones’ as they are capable of attacking the enemy through self-destruction. These drones were supplied to the army by NewSpace Research during the February 2023 edition of the Aero India air show and aviation exhibition in Bengaluru.

During the Infantry Commanders’ Conference, the Army also displayed the Kalyani M4 vehicles — mine-protected, high-mobility, armoured personnel carriers manufactured by Kalyani Group.





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INS Arihant’s Nuke-Capable K-4 Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile ‘Ready To Roll’

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INS Arihant’s Nuke-Capable K-4 Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile ‘Ready To Roll’


NEW DELHI: India tested its nuclear capable K-4 submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), designed to have a strike range of 3,500 km, for the second time in six days on Friday. The missile test, as the one conducted on January 19, was undertaken from an undersea platform in the shape of a submersible pontoon off the coast of Andhra Pradesh according to a report by Rajat Pandit of TOI.

The solid-fuelled K-4 missile is being developed by DRDO to arm the country’s nuclear-powered submarines in the shape of INS Arihant and its under-development sister vessels. INS Arihant, which became fully operational in November 2018 to complete India’s nuclear triad, is currently armed with the much shorter K-15 missiles with a 750 km range.

“The K-4 is now virtually ready for its serial production to kick-off. The two tests have demonstrated its capability to emerge straight from underwater and undertake its parabolic trajectory,” said a source.

India has the land-based Agni missiles, with the over 5,000-km Agni-V inter-continental ballistic missile now in the process of being inducted, and fighter jets jury-rigged to deliver nuclear weapons. But INS Arihant gives the country’s deterrence posture much more credibility because nuclear-powered submarines armed with nuclear-tipped missiles are considered the most secure, survivable and potent platforms for retaliatory strikes.

Once the K-4 missiles are inducted, they will help India narrow the gap with countries like the US, Russia and China, which have over 5,000-km range SLBMs. The K-4 missiles are to be followed by the K-5 and K-6 missiles in the 5,000-6,000 km range class.

The 6,000-ton INS Arihant, which is propelled by an 83 MW pressurised light-water reactor at its core, in turn, is to be followed by INS Arighat, which was launched in 2017. The next generation of nuclear submarines, currently called S-4 and S-4*, will be much larger in size.





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After Upgradation, Sukhoi Su-30MKI Indigenisation To Reach 78%

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After Upgradation, Sukhoi Su-30MKI Indigenisation To Reach 78%


India has received clearance to upgrade 84 Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jets, which will result in 78% indigenization after the upgrade

In a significant step towards bolstering its military might with indigenously developed technology, India is poised to witness its Russian-origin Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jets evolve into a domestic platform. Speaking at a recent lecture.

The upgrade program is being led by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in partnership with the Indian Air Force and other partners. The upgrade is expected to cost US$7.5 billion.

The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) granted Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) for the upgrade. The upgrade is part of India’s efforts to improve the capabilities of its primary fighter aircraft, it refers to as the “Super Sukhoi”.

This initiative is a part of a larger effort by the Indian Air Force to modernize its ageing fleet. Air Chief Marshal Chaudhari asserted the critical role of an offensive air force as demonstrated in current global conflicts and emphasized India’s move towards an indigenized arsenal. To this end, the IAF has been proactive, from upgrading its Mirage 2000 to enhancing its MiG-29 fleet.

In summary, the IAF’s commitment to updating their combat forces with the latest technology, including shifting to fifth-generation fighter jets, ensures operational preparedness and a strong deterrence capability. The gradual indigenization of its air fleet marks a pivotal shift in India’s defence landscape, reducing dependency on foreign imports and fostering technological sovereignty.





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Akash Weapon System Exports For The Armenian Armed Forces Gathers Pace

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Akash Weapon System Exports For The Armenian Armed Forces Gathers Pace


According to unconfirmed reports, Armenia is a top contender for an export order for Akash SAM system manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL).

While there is no official confirmation because of the sensitivities involved, documents suggest that the order for the same has already been placed the report further added.
There are nine countries, in turn, which have shown interest in the indigenously-developed Akash missile systems, which can intercept hostile aircraft, helicopters, drones and subsonic cruise missiles at a range of 25-km. They are Kenya, Philippines, Indonesia, UAE, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Vietnam and Algeria reported TOI.

The Akash export version will also be slightly different from the one inducted by the armed forces. The 100-km range air-to-air Astra missiles, now entering production after successful trials from Sukhoi-30MKI fighters, also have “good export potential”, said sources.

Akash is a “tried, tested and successfully inducted systems”. Indian armed forces have ordered Akash systems worth Rs 24,000 crore over the years, and MoD inked a contract in Mar 2023 of over Rs 9,100 crores for improved Akash Weapon System

BDL is a government enterprise under the Ministry of Defence that was established in 1970. BDL manufactures surface-to-air missiles and delivers them to the Indian Army. BDL also offers its products for export.

Akash Weapon System

The AWS is a Short Range Surface to Air Missile (SRSAM) Air Defence System, indigenously designed and developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). In order to meet aerial threats, two additional Regiments of AWS with Upgradation are being procured for Indian Army for the Northern borders. Improved AWS has Seeker Technology, Reduced Foot Print, 360° Engagement Capability and improved environmental parameters.

The project will give a boost to the Indian missile manufacturing industry in particular and the indigenous defence manufacturing ecosystem as a whole. The project has overall indigenous content of 82% which will be increased to 93% by 2026-27.

The induction of the improved AWS into the Indian Army will increase India’s self-reliance in Short Range Missile capability. This project will play a role in boosting the overall economy by avoiding outgo of precious foreign exchange to other countries, increasing employment avenues in India and encouraging Indian MSMEs through components manufacturing. Around 60% of the project cost will be awarded to the private industry, including MSMEs, in maintaining the supply chain of the weapon system, thereby creating large scale of direct and indirect employment.





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