Headed by Majed Qader Mahmoud Qader who recently moved to Lebanon from Istanbul, the “Construction Bureau” has two units, the Al-Shimali Unit and the Khaled Ali Unit, with hundreds of operatives each.
The Al-Shimali unit operates in five main geographical areas in Lebanon: Beirut, Tripoli, the Beqaa, Sidon, and Tyre. It is headed by William Abu Shanab who underwent professional UAV training in Iran and Indonesia. His deputy is Bara’a Hasan Farhat and the unit’s intelligence officer is Khalil Muhammad Azzam.
The Khalid Ali unit is commanded by Muhammed Hamed Jabara.
Qader’s deputy, Muhammed Ibrahim Wadh Salim, is also reported to be the head of the manufacturing department of the Bureau which provides technical assistance and develops and manufacturers rockets and drones.
Salim is said to be a mechanical engineer by training and is considered one of the leaders of Hamas’ medium-range rocket development program as well as responsible for improving the group’s rocket, UAV and explosive submarine accuracy technology.
The report also named several other senior Hamas operatives in Lebanon, including Saleh al-Arouri who is the deputy head of the group’s political bureau and responsible for terror attacks in the West Bank.
The head of Hamas in Lebanon is Ahmed Abd al-Hadi, known as Abu-Yasser, since 2019. Jihad Ta serves as Abd al-Hadi’s deputy. Osama Hamdan, who previously served as head of Hamas in Lebanon, is currently a member of Hamas’ political bureau. He also holds the title “Head of the Bureau of Arab and Islamic Relations” in Hamas.
The group’s leader in southern Lebanon was identified as Dr. Ayman Shana’a.
Hamas has been active in Lebanon for decades and its military activity in the country is done under the assistance, initiation, and supervision of the Palestine branch of the Quds Force in the Iranian Revolutionary Guards.
Israel has openly acknowledged Hamas’ intensification in Lebanon, including Hezbollah’s stronghold of southern Lebanon.
This “actually forced Hezbollah to join the rocket fire and in our assessment doing so without genuinely desiring to,” read the report.
While Hezbollah views Hamas and Palestinians in general as “guests” in Lebanon, ALMA said, “based on the intensification and independent military operations carried out by Hamas from Lebanon, Hamas does not appear to see itself as a ‘just a guest’ in Lebanon.
The ongoing activity by Hamas, the report continued, “has the potential of creating a severely difficult challenge for Hezbollah. Hamas pursues its own interests in Lebanon, including not informing Hezbollah ahead of time when Hamas fires rockets into Israel – a pattern that could drag Hezbollah into a war with Israel, against Hezbollah’s own interests.”
ALMA recommended that even though it might be in Hezbollah’s interests, due to Hamas’ ongoing activity in Lebanon, “Israel should ‘think outside the box’ and act openly against Hamas targets in Lebanon if Hamas attacks from the Gaza Strip and vice versa.”